Pope Saint Pius X Against Modernism

In his encyclical Pascendi, Pope St. Pius X said of Modernism, "can anybody . . . be surprised that We should define it as the synthesis of all heresies?" He identified Modernism as the most dangerous threat to the Catholic Church, in part because, even as far back as 1907 (when the encyclical was written), Modernists "[belonged] to the Catholic laity, and, what is much more sad, to the ranks of the priesthood itself." He said that "injury [to the Church] is the more certain," because "the more intimate is their knowledge of her" as insiders.

In almost 100 years, nothing has changed. In fact, it's gotten worse, and we now contend with Modernists, not only in the laity and in the priesthood, but even amongst the bishops and "cardinals."

How do we identify a Modernist? The fast and easy way is to simply examine their teachings. But this raises the next question: how do we identify Modernism as a teaching?

To this question, I have compiled a list of identifying marks of Modernism, all taken directly from the sainted Pope's encyclical. Let's examine these marks, so that we will be better equipped to identify (and renounce) Modernist teachings when we see them.


Modernists teach: Battle Tactics Against Modernism: